By undergoing preventative maintenance and examining your plumbing system often, you can keep yourself off from expensive repair bills as well as the steady, slow expense that occurs due to leaks and drips. Below are 10 tips to avoid plumbing repairs.

Look out for any leaks

Leaks can occur in numerous areas in a plumbing system hence the need to address them right away to curb water damage and waste. Occasionally, look out for any of these signs: toilets that continue to run after flushing; constant wetness around toilets and faucets; pipes with mineral deposits or rust; loose tiles or soft walls that could indicate leakage in a wall; dampness in sink cabinets; and soft flooring near washing machines, water heaters, dishwashers, bathtubs and toilets. You can use water leak detection systems or automatic water shut off valves to alert you in case there is a leakage.


Observe and re-do any form of caulking around sinks, toilets, showers and bathtubs that might cause water to infiltrate the nearby structure.

Malfunctioning or old fixtures

In general, boilers, water heaters, washing machines, dishwashers and toilets that are over twelve years of age should be replaced. New appliances are more efficient and energetic too. Always check the serial number as it indicates the year the item was manufactured. Different companies will use different coding methods hence the need to do a fast internet search to know what to consider. Also, replace cracked or hardened hoses on dishwashers and washers as well as old faucets to minimize the risk of breakage.


Know the location of all shut-off valves and switch them off, and back to their old position, to ensure they do not open up when shutting the water off. While doing the above, look for any signs of corrosion that could result in an unnoticed leak. Replace any malfunctioning valves. Lastly, ensure your family knows the location of the shut-off valves, mostly the major one.

Minimal water pressure

Test for minimal water pressure through allowing water to run the tub faucet and eventually opening the faucet in the kitchen. When the pressure goes down after opening the second faucet, it is advisable to find a plumber to examine the problem. Minimal water pressure occurs as a result of the build-up of sediments or leaks in pipes.

Septic tank

Persistent wet areas around your septic system could be a sign of leakage. Even though it is important to pump a septic tank, no rule governs how often you should pump the tank. It will depend on some factors. They include the temperature in your area, the design of the system, the size of tank, presence of a garbage disposal and the number of people in your home. Seek the services of a septic expert to know the frequency of pumping your septic system.

Freezing pipes

People who live in areas that experience winter often should maintain and install insulation all round their water pipes. Be more cautious with pipes that have frozen before or exposed to cold temperatures or the wind.


Avoid clogged drainpipes by cleaning them with an environment-friendly drain cleaner often. The kitchen disposal can be easily cleaned by sending ice all the way through it to eliminate any accumulated grease.

Water heater and boiler

Every year, you should examine and clean the boiler ahead of the heating season. Additionally, plumbers recommend that you clean and drain your heater annually. Most individuals prefer to hire an expert to deal with these tasks due to their inclusion in the plumbing contract.

Basement flooring

People who reside in areas with poor drainage or prone to flooding should install a sump pump in the basement. Also, one can put up a water powered sump pump or battery backup sump pump as a preventative measure in the event of a storm.

Whether you choose to hire an expert or perform the above maintenance checks by yourself, it is a valuable investment of your money and time

save waterThere are many benefits which come when you reduce the amount of water you use on daily basis. For instance, you will conserve the vital water sources in your region and in turn saving your energy and money. It is estimated that in the next 10 years, about 50 states in USA will experience water shortage. This is why you should start embracing Water-Efficient Plumbing techniques on toilets, shower-heads and faucets.

Some causes of water shortage

· Natural phenomena such as drought lead to less precipitation hence a reduction in mountain snowpack and volume of water at reservoirs.

· Increased usage of water in arid and semi-arid region due to population growth.

· Poor infrastructure which lead to leakages. For instance, gallons of water are lost daily due to leaking pipes.

Benefits of water-efficient plumbing

By saving water you will help in reducing the pressure incurred while repairing infrastructure hence maintaining low tax levels. Since a lot of energy is used to treat and transport water on daily basis, you will be saving energy by conserving water. You will ensure that your region is in a better passion of withstanding droughts. Lastly, there will be no financial turmoil which might arise from water crisis in a metropolitan area.

The best water-saving fixtures at home

If you have never experienced water shortage, you are quite lucky. Most regions, especially in USA, are facing water crisis and it is a hectic experience. To ensure that you are aiding the government in saving water you should try installing the following:

1. Install a Pressure Reducing Valve (PRV)

The higher the pressure of water coming from the taps, the higher the risk of spillage. Most homes use water pressure of over 70 psi. A majority of the homeowners don’t have a clue on how much water pressure they are using. This is why you should call a plumber and have him inspect the pressure and install the PRV for you. A home will go well with a water pressure of about 35 psi. Furthermore, high pressure may result in cracking of pipes.

2. Use of performance shower-heads

Taking a shower bath is very relaxing especially during the hot seasons. However, most people don’t realize that they are wasting a lot of water while using the standard shower heads which use about 2.5 gallons per minute. By using performance shower heads, you will end up saving 30% of the showering water.

3. High efficient toilet (HET)

The old toilet systems will use 3.5 gallons of water per flush. In contrary, the high efficiency toilets use only 1.3 gallons of water per flush. These toilets use flushing systems such as the Class 6 technology hence they end up saving more water than the older toilets. It has been found that most commercial buildings fail in predicting the amount of water used in urinals. This is probably due to the fact that the sensor is inaccurate, poorly maintained or damaged due to misuse. Therefore, sensor activated valves with accurate flush rates should be installed on such systems.

4. The re-circulating hot water systems

Each time you are going in for a hot shower early in the morning, you will often wait for the cold water to go down the drain before hot water kicks in. By using re-circulating hot water kits, warm water will be constantly flowing through your system hence saving the wastage of cold water.

5. Water saving faucets

By using the new redesigned faucets, you will reduce the gallons of water used per minute from 2.2 to 1.5. Moreover, the new faucets allow you to maintain a good water pressure and they come with in-built water filters which allow you to make bottled water.

Is water conservation possible without water efficiency?

It is possible to conserve water without involving water efficiency though it is very difficult. In addition if water efficiency is eliminated, sustainability will not be achieved. In other words, water conservation and efficiency go hand in hand.

Water efficiency implies using available resources responsibly, plan for usage and inventing scientific technologies which are friendly to citizens.

Final verdict

By embracing water-efficient plumbing techniques at your home, you will end up saving thousands of resources. Some of the fixtures might be expensive to purchase but in the long run, you will enjoy the benefits of water conservation. In conclusion, you should also ensure that you minimize the food waste disposal rate as it will reduce the amount of food grown at farms hence the water usage.